www.VPL-reports.de/6/). Detection rates of monocularly or binocularly cued targets revealed modulations in sensitivity that may be related to perceptual reversal but do not nearly represent the strength of alternating, exclusive percepts. The data also show a general preference (faster and better detection rates) for targets in the dominant vs. the non-dominant eye. Experiment 5 explored performance variations associated with perceptual reversals.">


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VPL-reports, 8, 1-32

Cued visual selection in binocular rivalry

Hans-Christoph Nothdurft
Visual Perception Laboratory (VPL) Göttingen

Using line arrays and the technique of cued visual selection (Nothdurft, 2017a; www.VPL-reports.de/6/) I measured the ability of observers to identify cued targets in binocular presentations. Experiment 1 was designed to measure target visibility and was partly performed on monocular and binocularly non-rivaling line patterns. Target detection was perfect even when cues and targets were presented in different eyes. With binocularly rivaling stimuli, subjects saw cued targets in the dominant eye better than targets in the non-dominant eye. In Experiments 2-4, the dynamics of binocular interactions were measured by cuing lines in rivaling patterns at various delays (up to 5 s after stimulus onset). In Experiment 2, the locally orthogonal lines had similar strength; in Experiment 3, they differed in contrast; and in Experiment 4, one pattern was presented 3 s in advance for adaptation. In all experiments, there were strong modulations of monocularly cued target detection rates during the initial 500-1000 ms after stimulus onset, when perceptual reversals are rare or absent; after that period detection rates settled and remained nearly constant although perceptual rivalry is supposed to be strong during that time. This suggests that alternating percepts in binocular rivalry are likely not based on variations in ocular sensitivity alone. Target ratings with binocular cues, in these periods, were largely predicted by averaging the ratings with monocular cues. In Experiment 5, cued target detection was related to the observers' momentary percepts. Subjects were asked to attend to a particular line, and cues were given at various delays after a perceived line reversal. In this condition, target detection was modulated between attended and non-attended target features and locations, providing evidence for both feature-based and spatial attention effects. In all five experiments, there was a notable asymmetry of target detection rates between the dominant and the non-dominant eyes of observers.

Published online: 12-Apr-2018

Citation: Nothdurft, H.C. (2018). Cued visual selection in binocular rivalry. VPL-reports, 8, 1-32, www.vpl-reports.de/8/

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